(British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2008)
Guidance on digital evidence across the 35 jurisdictions listed below, covering:
The substantive law of evidence, covering the types of evidence, admissibility of evidence, weight, proof, electronic signatures, presumptions and inferences.
Civil proceedings, pre-trial, urgent search and seizure orders, preservation of evidence, rules on disclosure, confidentiality and privilege.
Criminal proceedings, pre-trial, powers of search and seizure, the obligations of both prosecution and defence respecting the disclosure of evidence before trial, including the consequences of non-disclosure, human rights issues in relation to the gathering of evidence, the trial and how a defendant may challenge the authenticity of digital evidence.
Introduction Stephen Mason Admissibility of electronic evidence in court: A European project Dr Fredesvinda Insa and Ms Carmen Lázaro Argentina Dr Mercedes Rivolta and Dr Pablo Fraga Austria Dr. Wolfgang Freund, Dr. Erich Schweighofer and Lothar Farthofer Belgium Joachim Meese and Johan Vandendriessche Bulgaria George Dimitrov and Ms Desislava Krusteva Croatia Dr. Berislav Paviši and Dr. Eduard Kunštek Cyprus Olga Georgiades Czech Republic Dr. Ján Matejka and Mgr. Petr Kuhn Denmark Eva Smith Egypt His Honour Ehab Maher Elsonbaty Estonia Jaan Ginter Finland Jan Ollila and Ms Eva Storskrubb France David Benichou, judge and Ariane Zimra Germany Alexander Duisberg and Henriette Picot Greece Michael Rachavelias and Thanos Petsos Hungary Dr. Gusztáv Bacher, Dr. Zsófia Bodnár, Dr. Dóra Boytha, Dr. Gábor Faludi, Dr. Anikó Keller and Lívia Kolter Iceland Hörõur Felix Harõarson and Gunnar Þór Þórarinsson Italy Avv. Luigi Martin and Avv. Cristina Pavarani Japan Hironao Kaneko and Hideo Ogura Latvia Mrs Ilze Znotina and Agris Repss Lithuania Vaida Vozgirdaite and Stasys Drazdauskas Luxembourg Guy Arendt and Vèronique Hoffeld Malta Patrick J. Galea Mexico Luis Omar Guerrero Rodríguez and Cèsar Martínez Alemán Netherlands Dr. Simone van der Hof, Rèno Pijnen and Simone Fennell-van Esch Norway Harald Hjort and Svein Y. Willassen Poland Arkadiusz Lach Portugal David Salgado Areias, Manuel Braga Monteiro and Siv Lindqvist de Sousa Romania Dana Irina Cojocarasu and Oana Irina Ignat Russia Olga I. Kudryavtseva Slovakia Daniela Gregusova, Miroslav Chlipala, Ingrid Mencerova and Boris Susko Slovenia Klara Miletic and Ana Burgar Spain Julio Pèrez Gil Sweden Jim Runsten and Peter Eriksson Switzerland Marc Schwitter Thailand Ms Noppramart Thammateeradaycho and Ms Sally Wrapson Turkey Ali Osman Özdilek and Özgür Eralp
haiku entitled ‘Original’ (with an essay prepared for a lecture at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology)